We all have our ways of viewing the world. We see things through our unique lens, shaped by our personal experiences and psychological theories that we have learned over the years. These psychological theories help us make sense of the world around us, and can change the way we view ourselves and others. In this blog post, we will explore 4 psychological theories that are sure to change the way you view the world!
1) Self-Fulfilling Prophecy:
The self-fulfilling prophecy is a psychological theory that states that our expectations about a situation can cause it to become reality. This theory was first proposed by sociologist Robert Merton in 1948 and has been extensively studied since then. The basic idea behind the self-fulfilling prophecy is that if we expect something to happen, we are more likely to act in ways that make it happen. For example, if we believe that someone is unfriendly or untrustworthy, we may be less likely to interact with them, which could lead them to become unfriendly or untrustworthy.
2) Bystander Effect:
The bystander effect is another psychological phenomenon that can have a major impact on how we view the world. The bystander effect is the psychological phenomenon that occurs when people are less likely to offer help to someone in need when there are other people around. This effect was first documented by social psychologists John Darley and Bibb Latané in 1968 and has been extensively studied since then. Several factors can contribute to the bystander effect, including diffusion of responsibility (the idea that everyone else is responsible for helping, so I don’t have to) and the proximity principle (the idea that the closer someone is to a victim, the more likely they are to help).
3) Sunk Cost Fallacy:
The sunk cost fallacy is a psychological theory that states that we are more likely to continue investing time or money into something if we have already invested a lot of time or money into it. This theory was first proposed by psychological scientist Daniel Kahneman in 1973 and has been extensively studied since then. The sunk cost fallacy is often used to explain why people continue to invest time or money into failing projects or relationships. People tend to believe that they have invested so much already, they might as well see it through to the end, even if it isn’t a good decision.
4) Self-Serving Bias:
The self-serving bias is another psychological phenomenon that can impact how we view the world. The self-serving bias is the tendency for people to take credit for their successes and blame external factors for their failures. This bias was first documented by social psychologist Edward Jones in 1966 and has been extensively studied since then. There are several reasons why people might exhibit the self-serving bias, including the desire to feel good about oneself and the need to protect one’s ego.
These are just a few of the psychological theories that can impact how we view the world. These theories can help us make sense of the world around us and can change the way we view ourselves and others. If you want to learn more about these theories, or any other psychological concepts, be sure to check out our blog!