Complete Guide on Cognitive Psychology


Cognitive psychologists use a variety of research methods to study the human mind. These methods include experiments, surveys, and case studies.

Cognitive psychology is a relatively new field of psychological research. It began in the 1960s with the work of cognitive psychologists like George Miller and Ulric Neisser.

Today, cognitive psychology is one of the most popular fields of psychological research. It is used to understand a wide range of human behavior, from everyday activities like decision-making and problem-solving to more serious issues like mental illness and addiction.

If you want to learn more about cognitive psychology, there are a few great resources available. The Cognitive Psychology section of the website PsycNET is a good place to start. You can also check out the book Cognitive Psychology: An Introduction by E. R. Smith and D. N. Osherson.

Case Studies in Cognitive Psychology:

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Case studies are a valuable tool for cognitive psychologists. They allow researchers to study the thinking processes of individual people in depth.

One of the most famous case studies in cognitive psychology is the case of Phineas Gage. Gage was a railroad worker who was injured in an accident in 1848. The accident caused a metal rod to pierce his skull and damage his brain.

Despite his injury, Gage made a full recovery. However, his personality changed dramatically. He became more impulsive and irresponsible. This case study showed that damage to the brain can change a person’s personality and behavior.

Other famous case studies in cognitive psychology include the cases of Henry Gustav Molaison (known as H. M.) and Christopher Langan.

H. M. was a man who had severe epilepsy. In an effort to control his seizures, doctors performed surgery on his brain in 1953. The surgery left H. M. with severe amnesia. He could not form new memories or recall old ones.

Christopher Langan is a man with an extremely high IQ. He has been studied by cognitive psychologists because of his exceptional intellect.

The Different Research Methods Used in Cognitive Psychology:

A person talking on a cell phone

There are a variety of different research methods used in cognitive psychology. These methods include experiments, surveys, and case studies.

Experiments are a valuable tool for cognitive psychologists. They allow researchers to study the thinking processes of people under controlled conditions.

Surveys are another valuable tool for cognitive psychologists. They allow researchers to study the thinking processes of large groups of people.

Case studies are a valuable tool for cognitive psychologists. They allow researchers to study the thinking processes of individual people in depth.

History of Cognitive Psychology:

Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of human cognition, which includes all of our mental abilities – such as seeing, learning, remembering, thinking, reasoning, and comprehending. The term “cognition,” which derives from the Latin word “cognoscere,” means to perceive.

During the mid-20th century, three seminal forces emerged that would shape cognitive psychology as a formal school of thought: * The desire for greater knowledge of human performance developed as a result of new warfare technology during World War II. Military personnel sought answers to complicated issues like how to properly educate soldiers on new technology and how to deal with concerns of attention while under pressure. Behaviorism provided little if any information on this topic, and it was Donald Broadbent’s work combining ideas from human performance research and the recently developed information theory that paved the path forward. Human thought and the computational capabilities of computers would be compared, bringing about new vistas in psychoanalytic thinking.

In this study, sponsored by Kaplan and Simon in 1990, participants must decide whether or not it’s feasible to cover a chessboard with 31 dominoes (one domino equals two squares) when two squares on the board have been removed (only 62 squares total). This issue is essentially unsolvable since you will be left with two empty squares (black) once all of the dominos are set up. The dependent variables of this experiment were the time it took for the participant to solve the problem and how many hints they required to arrive at the correct solution. The following are the independent variables that were tested by the researchers: a chessboard with blank squares, a chessboard with pink and black squares, a chessboard with the words “Pink” and “Black” written into the squares, and lastly a chessboard with the words “Bread” and “Butter” written into each square.

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