Neurotrophins are growth-regulating hormones that act on development and plasticity in the human brain. These hormones have an impact on the different aspects of brain function, such as learning and memory, movement, attention, and consciousness. These hormones also have an impact on the various functions related to stress, anxiety, pain and injury. Neurotrophins are required by the nervous system for normal brain functioning and healthy maintenance.
During brain development, new neurons are formed, while others remain dormant. The neurons and glial cells, which are a type of specialized cell, mature during the course of human life and divide to form neurons and glial cells in a process called neuroplasticity. New neurons can be produced or activated by physical stimulation and other sensory inputs. Exercise can facilitate the production of new neurons, enhance the survival and maintenance of existing neurons, and release neurohormones, especially epinephrine and norepinephrine, to help the body deal with stress. These actions have a profound effect on cognition. When the elderly begin to lose their cognitive ability, it becomes apparent that the loss of these hormones is the underlying cause, and not Alzheimer’s disease.
Epilepsy Is One Of Those Substances
The reviews indicate that several substances are involved in enhancing cognition. Epilepsy is one of those substances. Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent, cyclic, alternating attacks of seizures caused by inappropriate seizure timing and frequency. A review of the literature indicates that certain neurotransmitters are involved in the control of cognition.
Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that send signals between nerve cells. Some, such as dopamine, act as neurotransmitters; others, such as serotonin, initiate chemical messages from the nerve cell to the synapses, where they pass in and out of cells. It is believed that there is a crucial interaction between dopamine and the other neurotransmitters for the improvement of brain function. A good exercise program can affect the levels of these chemicals in the body. Regular physical activity has been shown to improve memory function in older adults, and the effects of exercise on the brain function are similar to what happens in the body when it is healthy.
The Benefits Of Improving Brain Function
The review also indicates that the effects of exercise on the brain are not limited to the benefits of improving brain function. Exercise improves posture, eases tension and stress, improves the immune system, and makes people feel better about themselves. In other words, exercise makes people feel better.
It is well-known that sitting for long periods of time contributes to degenerative diseases such as osteoporosis. The review indicates that exercise can help reduce the effects of osteoporosis by as much as 30%. Of course, this would only be true if one exercises at least 30 minutes each day.
Further Improved If The Person Engages In Meditation
The effects of exercise on the brain may be further improved if the person engages in meditation. This could help to promote the production of “feel good” chemicals such as serotonin. Serotonin is known to play a vital role in the memory. There is also evidence that the buildup of amyloid protein in the brain, which is associated with Alzheimer’s disease, is related to a high level of serotonin in the brain. By engaging in meditation or other activities that de-stress the person, the levels of serotonin in the bloodstream will be reduced. This will have a positive effect on the ability of the individual to remember things, both short and long term.
Another aspect of the review is that the use of physical activity has been shown to be associated with other health benefits, such as lowering the risk of heart attack and stroke. This is especially important for people that are at risk for these types of diseases. By engaging in a regular exercise program, the brain will be able to work more efficiently and remain healthier for longer.
Neurotrophic factors contribute to the growth of neurons and the improvement of their function. Exercise has the potential to improve neurogenic stress levels that can affect memory. If these factors are positively impacted, it is possible that the effects of exercise on the brain will be significantly enhanced. This would provide yet another validating effect of exercise. In fact, this particular effect could be considered to be the true discovery of the effects of exercise on the brain.