The Study Of Behavior And Mental Processes – Understanding Behavior And Mental Processes

the study of behavior and mental processes

Understanding the brain by studying behavior and mental functions is of crucial importance to psychiatrists as a result of its profound effect on human behavior and psychological states. Recent studies have demonstrated how understanding this relationship can help us treat patients suffering from disorders like schizophrenia. Neurons in the human brain contain dopamine, which is naturally present in the synapses of neurons. Dopamine acts on neurons to pass messages to them and regulate their firing. Dopamine is present in the form of proteins and has important roles in learning, memory and emotions.

The Study Of Behavior And Mental Processes

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Studying behavior and brain functions is therefore an intricate process involving many areas of science. For example, cognitive science conducts research on how our thoughts affect our behavior. This type of science seeks to discover the cognitive processes that underlie human behavior. Similarly, ethology studies the natural origins of human beings and their relationships to their environment. This scientific study of behavior and mental processes is used to shed light on the emergence of mankind and to explore human development.

The influential thinker Sigmund Freud developed a theory of compulsory behavior, which postulates that people develop certain behavioral patterns through early childhood and into adulthood. Behaviorism is a discipline of psychology concerned with the study of behavior and its causes. Other related disciplines of psychology include affective psychology, social psychology and human sexuality. The field of clinical psychology currently encompasses over one hundred different sub-fields, all of which are related to the study of behavior and mental processes.

Explain Further About Each Subfield Of Psychology

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The main goal of this article is to provide you with five pages that explain further about each subfield of psychology. Take a look at the list below. The five topics listed below are the most common methods used to study human behavior and its psychological processes. They are used in all kinds of psychology research. These include, but are not limited to; developmental psychology, health Psychology, personality psychology, social psychology, and neuropsychological psychology.

Developmental psychology studies the mental and emotional patterns that people follow as they grow throughout their lives. Children, adolescents, adults and even old people can be studied to understand the processes that go on in their minds. As human beings mature mentally and emotionally, certain changes take place in their thinking patterns and also in their thinking patterns and emotions. Developmental psychology seeks to discover these changes and their explanations in terms of genes, neurological mechanisms and socio-cultural norms. In fact, there have been several books and articles written on this topic alone. Some of the top names in this field are: Charles Hampden Woolley, Gertrude Stein and Edward Sapir.

Third Entity Is Called Neuropsychology

Health psychology is concerned with understanding and preventing disorders in the mental processes and systems of a human being. The systems might be physiological or chemical, technological or biological. Issues like abnormal arousal, distress and other symptoms are studied in this particular sub-field of psychology. There are two distinct entities of this sub-field: psychotherapy and medication.

The third entity is called Neuropsychology and this is concerned with studying the observed functioning of the human mind in various emotional, mental and physical states. The mental processes, the human brain, the senses, memory and behavior, are observed in this sub-field. A variety of methods are used to study the human mind and its functions. Examples of these methods are: cognitive behavior therapy, neofunctionalism, neuropsychology, somatic neuropsychology, social and experimental psychology, neuroimaging and neofunctionalism.

Bottom Line

As you can see from the above mentioned fields, there are many ways in which science can be applied in studying the behavior of humans. Some of the ways that have been around for many years are still relevant even today. The science of psychology is very complex but is made up of many strands of information that can be studied. It is a very interesting field. It will not only make you a better person but a more intelligent person as well.

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